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Buckeyes and Sabermetrics

Season Stats(from 2003 on)

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I used to have 2002 stats up here, but there were some problems with a couple of the formulas I used and they take up a lot of disk room.  If for some reason you have to have those spreadsheets, I can email them to you.  Anyway, they'll be 2003 stats here when the 2003 season is over. 


The data is mostly from Doug's Stat Page, which I have linked below.  The park adjustments are based on a simple 5 year runs PF(certainly NOT the most optimal approach out there).  The data for the PFs came from KJOK's database for the last 4 years and for 2003.   Here is an explanation of the charts and such: 


Expected Winning %(EW%)-estimated from runs and runs allowed

Predicted Winning %(PW%)-estimated from Runs Created and opponent RC(eR)

R and RA are park adjusted

The first set of BA, OBA, and SLG are park adjusted figures for the offense; the second set are for the defense

RC and eR are park adjusted-eR is opponents RC

The formula for EW% is just a very simple linear formula with a slope of .107.  This is probably too high for today's game and really I should use a custom slope for each team.

Who's Included

Pitchers with 15 starts are classified as starters.  Pitchers with 40 appearances and less than 15 starts are classified as relievers(or with 50 IP and 50% relief appearances without meeting the 15 GS/40 G thresholds).  Hitters included all players with 300 PA, and assigned one position which is the one at which they played the most games.  Players who split time between teams are listed with the last team they played for.  This is not optimal, as the park factors and league factors get screwed up, but it's the easy way to go, and I'm lazy.


Runs Above Replacement(RAR) are measured above a player who performs at 80% of the league average and are based on RRA(see the "Baselines" article for the reasoning behind this).  I also include RAA, PRAA for hitters.

RA is park adjusted runs per nine innings

RRA is RA adjusted for performance inheriting runners, based just on the basic numbers of inherited runners and inherited runners scored.  This idea is from Sky Andrecheck, and his formula is published in the August 1999 BTN.  My formula is the same except using the current year's IRS% as the baseline and using R instead of ER. IRSV follows from this and is the number of inherited runs the pitcher saved from scoring that an average reliever would have

eRA is Estimated Run Average(opponents RC per 9 IP), park adjusted. Beginning with 2005, I have used actual Double and Triple data rather then estimated total bases(for players only, the team estimates are still based on the old formula).

GRA is Guess Run Average, a park adjusted DIPS estimator in the spirit of Tango Tiger's DIPS estimator

G-F is Guess-Future a silly stat that combines eRA and K per IP to represent future potential; inorganic number, ranges from about 3 to 4.5

IR/G is inherited runners/game


RAR are above 80% and based on RA

P/S in 2003 is estimated Pitches/Start(based on the STATS formula). For 2004, it is Pitches/((G+GS)/2)

WCA is Wins Compared to Average, the estimated wins the pitcher was above what a pitcher with average run support would have done


Hitters are grouped by position, although the position is not indicated in order for the document to be printer-friendly

PA is AB+W

BA, OBA, and SLG are park adjusted

RC are based on ERP and park adjusted

RG is RC/25.5 outs

RAR is above 73%

PRAR is runs above a replacement hitter at the position

SEC is the park adjusted Secondary Average, not including SB and CS

SU is an estimate of speed based on frequency of stolen base attempts, stolen base %, triples per balls in play, and runs scored per times on base; SU is designed to have an average around 50, but this year an average player has scored around 45



eRA = ((.162+.324X)(H)+(1.296-.324X)HR+.324W-.274IP)*9/IP

where X = Lg (TB-4HR)/(H-HR)

For 2005 and on, I have used actual double and triple data, This gives eRA = (TB+.5H+W-.3(AB*x))*.324*9/IP, where x = Lg(AB-H)/IP

divided by PF for adjustment


GRA = (9X)(.326IP+1.46HR+.324W-.168K)/IP

where X is LgR/(.326IP+1.46HR+.324W-.168K)

starting in 2006, new formula used:
x is carried over from eRA formula
y = Lg(R-.324W-1.458HR-.097K)/(AB-HR-K)
z = Lg(IP-K/3)/(AB-HR-K)
GRA = 9*(.324W+1.458HR-.097K+y*(IP*x+H-HR-K))/(K/3+z*(IP*x+H-HR-K)

divided by PF for adjustment


G-F = 4.46+.095(eRA)-.113(KG)


P/S = (4.81K+5.14W+3.27H+3.16(3IP-K))/G




Start by figuring for player and league:

SBFrq = (SB+CS)/(H+W-HR)          WSB% = (SB+3)/(SB+CS+7)

R/TOB = (R-HR)/(H+W-HR)          T/BIP = T/(AB-HR-K)

Then figure:

A = (SBFrq-LgSBFrq)/(.91*LgSBFrq)       B = (WSB%-LgSB%)/(.19*LgSB%)

C = (R/TOB-LgR/TOB)/(.2*LgR/TOB)    D = (T/BIP-LgT/BIP)/(.89*LgT/BIP)

Then SU = 50+4.25(A+B+C+D)

There is a a method behind that madness; A, B, C, and D are supposed to represent a Z-Score in each of those categories.  The numerator is an estimate of the stdev of individual performances based on a study of a few years of data, but the estimates don't really hold up over time.  SU is just supposed to give a quick read on overall speed; don't take it too seriously.
That formula was used for 2003-2005. A new formula is in use from then on:
SBFrq = (SB + CS)/(H + W - HR)
T/BIP = T/(AB - HR - K)
R/TOB = (R - HR)/(H + W - HR)
WSB% = (SB + 3)/(SB + CS + 7)

Then we subtract the league average from each of these, and divide by the 3-year average standard deviation to get a z-score:
sbf = (SBFrq - LgSBFrq)/.0669 = (SBFrq - LgSBFrq)*14.95
tbip = (T/BIP - LgT/BIP)/.0063 = (T/BIP - LgT/BIP)*158.7
rtob = (R/TOB - LgR/TOB)/.0640 = (R/TOB - LgR/TOB)*15.63
wsb = (WSB% - LgSB%)/.1240 + 1.31 = (WSB% - LgSB%)*8.065 + 1.31

Speed Unit = 50 + 4.25*(sbf + tbip + rtob + wsb)
The logic is similar, but this is a little cleaner.


RC = (TB+W+.5H+.7SB-CS-.3(AB-H))*.322

divide by PF to adjust


RG = (RC*25.5)/(AB-H+CS)



RAR = (RG-N*.73)*(AB-H+CS)/25.5

PRAR = (RG-N*.73*PADJ)*(AB-H+CS)/25.5


RAR = (N*1.25-RA)*(IP/9)   (use RRA in place of RA for relievers)

N is simply league RPG for one team(used elsewhere on this page as well)


WCA = (W%-(RS-N)*.107-.5)*(W+L)

WCA is the number of wins a pitcher has beyond the number of wins an average pitcher with his decisions and run suport would have

Starting in 2006, WCR(Wins Compared to Replacement) is used; first find RW% as (RS/PF)^2/((RS/PF)^2+(1.25*N)^2); then WCR = W - RW%*(W+L)

Position Adjustments(PADJ)

These specific numbers were based on RC/O for 1992-2001.

C=.89 1B/DH=1.19 2B=.93 3B=1.01 SS=.86 LF/RF=1.12 CF=1.02

Park Adjustment

The park factors used here are based on 5 years when applicable.  I have regressed as MGL suggested on a 2000 thread on

Here's a decent rule of thumb set of formulas for regressing. For 1-year stats, true PF(TPF)=1-(1-PF)*.6, 2-year stats, TPF=1-(1-PF)*.7, 3-year stats, TPF=1-(1-PF)*.8, and for 4-year or more stats, TPF=1-(1-PF)*.9.

Anyway, the basic pre-regressed formula is PF = (H*T/((T-1)*R+H)+1)/2

where H is RPG @ Home, R is RPG on the road, and T is the number of teams in the league.  This is from Craig Wright in The Diamond Apparaised.

for BA, OBA, SLG, divide by PF^.438

That's pretty goofy, and it's just a fudge, since the runs PF really shouldn't be adjusting the OBA, etc.  The .438 is derived from a study I did trying to keep park adjusted RC/O equal with RC/O figured from park adjusted BA, OBA, and SLG.  It's not the most scientific thing, but it gives fairly good results

If you want to see the entire page, select all the columns and set the column width to something greater than 6. You'll then see AB, H, etc.

Any further questions?

2006 Park Factors

2006 League Stats

2006 Team Stats

2006 AL Relievers

2006 NL Relievers

2006 AL Starters

2006 NL Starters

2006 AL Hitters

2006 NL Hitters

2005 Park Factors

2005 League Stats

2005 Team Stats

2005 AL Relievers

2005 NL Relievers

2005 AL Starters

2005 NL Starters

2005 AL Hitters

2005 NL Hitters

2004 Park Factors

2004 Team Stats

2004 AL Relievers

2004 NL Relievers

2004 AL Starters

2004 NL Starters

2004 AL Hitters

2004 NL Hitters

Doug's Stat Page

KJOK's Park Database

Park Factors


AL Hitters

NL Hitters

AL Starters

NL Starters

AL Relievers

NL Relievers